Government of Canada chooses skilled workers based on their skills and ability to contribute to Canada’s economy

The Express entry manages applications for 3 economic immigration programs, namely:
  • Federal Skilled Worker Program;
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program; and
  • Canadian Experience Class

To meet local labour market needs, candidates from the Express Entry Pool can be recruited by Provinces and Territories through the

How does the Express Entry system works?


This program targets skilled workers with foreign work experience who want to obtain permanent residency in Canada.

Selection Factors

If candidates meet all the minimum requirements, their applications will be assessed based on:

  • Age
  • Education;
  • work experience;
  • valid job offer;
  • English and/or French language skills; and
  • adaptability (how well you’re likelyto settle here)

Minimum Requirements:

  • skilled work experience;
  • language ability; and
  • education

Note: Candidates must meet all the minimum requirements to be eligible.

Skilled work experience

Candidates must have worked in 1 of these National Occupational Classification (NOC) job groups:
  • Managerial jobs (skill type 0)
  • Professional jobs (skill level A)
  • Technical jobs and skilled trades (skill level B)

Candidates must show that while working in their primary occupation they performed the duties set out in the lead statement of the occupational description in the NOC. This includes all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed.

Skilled work experience must be:

Within the last 10 years

Paid work (This means they must have been paid wages or earned commission. (Volunteer work or unpaid internships don’t count.)

In the same type of job (have the same NOC) as the job they want to use for their immigration application (called their primary occupation)

At least 1 year of continuous work or 1,560 hours total (30 hours per week). They can meet this in a few different ways:

  • full-time at 1 job: 30 hours/week for 12 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours);
  • equal amount in part-time: 15 hours/week for 24 months = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)
  • full-time at more than 1 job: 30 hours/week for 12 months at more than 1 job = 1 year full time (1,560 hours)

For part-time work, candidates can work more or less than 15 hours/week as long as it adds up to 1,560 hours.

Note: Candidates must meet all the minimum requirements to be eligible.

Language Ability

Applicants must:

(i) take approved language tests in English or French to evaluate these abilities:

  • writing
  • reading
  • listening
  • speaking

(ii) for their first official language, get a minimum score in all 4 abilities:

Language Minimum Level for all four abilities
English Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7
French Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadienne (NCLC) 7

Applicants can also earn up to 30 additional points for strong French language skills (even if French is their second language).

If they score NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills, applicants can get

  • 15 additional points if they scored CLB 4 or lower in English (or if they didn’t take an English test)
  • 30 additional points if they scored CLB 5 or higher on all four English skills

The language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day application for permanent residence is made.

Note: When candidates are invited to apply for permanent residence, they must check if their language test results will still be valid when they plan to apply.


If applicants went to school in Canada, they must have a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
  • secondary (high school) or
  • post-secondary school

For a foreign education, candidates must have:

Proof of funds

Candidates must show that they have enough money for them and their family to settle in Canada, unless they:
  • are currently able to legally work in Canada;
  • have a valid job offer from an employer in Canada


Candidates must be admissible to Canada.Some people are not allowed to come to Canada. They are ‘’inadmissible’’ under the Canada’s immigration law. There are different reasons the Canadian Authority may not let people into Canada, such as security, criminal and medical reasons.

A Canadian Immigration officer will decide if candidates can enter Canada when they apply for a Visa, an Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA), or when you arrive at a port of entry.

Living in Canada

Candidates must plan to live outside the province of Quebec. The province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers.


Selection Factor points are used to help assess candidates’ eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. The selection factors will be assessed and an overall score out of 100 will be assigned to the Candidate.

A score of 67 points or higher implies that the Candidate may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. If candidates score lower than 67 points, they won’t qualify for the program. To get a higher score, they will have to either:

  • Improve their language skills;
  • Complete another degree, diploma, or certificate; and/or
  • Receive an offer of arranged employment in Canada.

And if candidates meet the other requirements too they can submit a profile to the Express Entry pool in which a different system known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) will be used to rank their profile.

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

Candidates need to have one of the highest-ranking scores to be chosen from the Express Entry pool and get an invitation to apply (ITA). When candidates are invited, they can apply for permanent residence.

Core set of Points of up to 600

Additional Points of up to 600

Total Score of 1,200 Points

Core: up to 600 points

Skills and experience factors

Spouse or Common-law partner factors: language skills and Education; and

Skills transferability, including education and work experience

Additional: up to 600 points

Additional: up to 600 points

a valid job offer;

a nomination from a prrovince or territory;

a brother or sister living in Canada who is a citizen or PR; and

Strong French Language Skills

For more information about the Express Entry system, do not hesitate to contact us

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